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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-81

Post-COVID-19 sequela: Massive tubercular pericardial effusion in immunocompromised patient

Department of General Medicine, Vinayaka Mission's Kirupananda Variyar Medical College and Hospitals, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Lakhan Parajiya
PG, Boys Hostel, Vinayaka Mission's Kirupananda Variyar Medical College and Hospital, Salem - 636 308, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jicc.jicc_34_21

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Long-term sequelae following COVID-19 infection are not well established. Hence, COVID-19 sequelae are been studied extensively as cases are being followed up to reduce avoidable prolonged morbidity and mortality in the country. COVID-19 and currently available drugs for treatment are both reasons for a change in immune status of patients leading to reactivation or increase the chance of infection of common diseases like tuberculosis (TB), particularly in India. A case of post-COVID-19 disease (2 months back) presented with breathlessness and chest pain. On history, workup, and evaluation, the case was diagnosed with massive tubercular pericardial effusion suggesting reactivation of latent TB in a post-COVID-19 disease. Due to COVID-19 disease itself and possible immunomodulatory drugs used for treatment, reactivation of latent TB has to be considered in post-COIVD-19 disease with nonspecific presentation and unexplained prolonged clinical course of the disease. This case highlights the need of further follow-up of COVID-19 patients to understand the effects of disease on the immune system and the possibilities of opportunistic infections, especially after this second wave of COVID-19.

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